Biography of Amir Amanullah Khan
Amanullah Khan was crowned king of Afghanistan after the assassination of his
father, Amir Habibullah Khan, who was murdered during a hunting trip, in
February 20, 1919. Amanullah Khan controlled both the national treasury and the
army, that's how he managed to seize the power. He was fiercely anti-british
colonialism and wanted to break an old treaty which gave them control over Afghan
Foreign Affairs. He decided to lead a surprise attack against the British nearby
Peshawar on May 3, 1919, beginning the third Anglo-Afghan war. Two years after, an
armistice was signed in 1921, and Afghanistan became an independent nation.
He decided, with Kemal Ataturk as a model, to modernize its country by creating
roads, hospitals and schools. He visited European countries and Turkey in 1927 and
decided to accelerate the reforms, as result, in 1928, many tribes and religious
leaders revolted and he was obliged to leave his throne in 1929. He left Afghanistan
and lived in exile in Europe, with his family. He died in 1960 in Zurich, and was
buried in Jalalabad, near his father's tomb.