The First Anglo–Afghan War lasted from 1839 to
1842. It is one of the most famous defeat of the
In 1839, England sent an army in Afghanistan to
install a former ruler, Shah Shuja, and to depose
Amir Dost Mohammad Khan. In 1841, the Afghans
rose against the British in Kabul, killing British
agents and surrounding the British garrison.
Mohammad Akbar Khan, son of Dost Mohammad
Khan, was the leader of the afghan resistance. The
British army was forced to begun its retreat from
Kabul. In January 1842, a group of 16,500 British
and Indian followers, tried to escape Afghanistan.
The Afghan soldiers intercepted them and
proceeded to massacre them during the next seven
days. This was probably one of the most important
defeat that the British Army suffered in his history.
Only the Doctor Brydon succeeded in reaching
Jalalabad. In fact, a few other survivors reached
the city in the following days.