Ahmad Shah Durrani (1722–1772)
Ahmad Shah was the son of the chief of the Abdali tribe. In 1747, he changed his
own name to Ahmad Shah Durrani ('Durr-i-Durran' means the 'pearl of pearls' in
Dari) when he became the king of Afghanistan and founded the Durrani Empire.
It was under the leadership of Ahmad Shah that the nation of Afghanistan began
to take shape following centuries of fragmentation. Between 1747-1767, Ahmad
Shah Durrani invaded India 8 times.
He died at Murghah, in Afghanistan in 1772, leaving to his son Timur the kingdom
of Afghanistan. The tomb of Ahmad Shah stands near the palace at Kandahar. It is held
in great estimation by the Afghans, and is respected as a sanctuary, no one venturing to
touch one who has taken refuge there. Ahmad Shah Durrani still lives in the hearts of all
Afghans as the father (Baba) of Afghanistan.